| The "CIDOC object-oriented
Conceptual Reference Model" (CRM), was developed by the
ICOM/CIDOC Documentation Standards Group. Since September
2000, the CIDOC CRM is being developed into an ISO standard
in a joined effort of the CIDOC
CRM SIG and ISO/TC46/SC4/WG9. Since September 2006 it has been accepted as ISO 21127.
It represents an 'ontology' for cultural heritage information
i.e. it describes in a formal language the explicit and
implicit concepts and relations relevant to the documentation
of cultural heritage. The primary role of the CIDOC CRM
is to serve as a basis for mediation of cultural heritage
information and thereby provide the semantic 'glue' needed
to transform today's disparate, localised information
sources into a coherent and valuable global resource.
The latest official version of the CIDOC CRM is version 5.0.4. This and all previous versions can be found here.
A complete graphical representation of the CIDOC
CRM version 5.0.1 can be found here.
A graphical representation of a minimal reduced CRM form can be found here.
Additional explanations about the meaning and use of selected CIDOC CRM concepts can be found here.
The International Council of Museums (ICOM) is an international,
non-governmental organisation of museums and museum professionals
which is committed to the conservation, continuation and communication
of the world's natural and cultural heritage. ICOM has 20,000 members
in 140 countries and holds consultative status with the United Nations'
Economic and Social Council.
CIDOC is the international focus for the documentation interests
of museums and cultural heritage organisations. It is a committee
of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) with over 750 members
in 60 countries.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international,
non-governmental organisation whose principal activity is the development
of voluntary technical standards. With a membership of 148 countries,
ISO promotes standards which provide a reference framework or common
technological language to facilitate technological interoperability
About Cultural Heritage
"Cultural Heritage" is the general term used to refer
to the broad scope of knowledge and material evidence relating to people and their environment.
The "Cultural Heritage Sector" includes the range of institutions
which acquire, conserve, study, and communicate information relating
to material collections, sites and monuments, natural history, ethnography,
political and technological history, archaeology, and collections
of fine and applied arts.